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Traditional Congkak Board Game of the Malay Archipelago


This game uses a board that has 7 holes at each side called 'village' which totaled to 14 holes, and 2 larger holes at both ends called 'home'.

The Congkak game can only be played by two players at a time. The players will sit oppsite of each other and the holes will be filled with 7 seeds in each except the two larger holes which contains no seeds. Each player will start the play simultaneously.

How to Play

The player can pick the seeds from any holes from the player's side, carrying the seeds while putting them into the holes (or 'villages') one by one including into the player's own 'home' but not into the opponent's home. If the last seed ends up into the hole that contains seeds, the player can pick up all seeds from it and continue the game, otherwise, the player will stop and wait for the opponent to finish.

The Shooting ('Tembak' or 'Tikam') Rules

The Player's move is stopped if the last seed ends up into an empty hole. If the opposite hole (the opponent's hole) contains seeds, then all the seeds from this hole can be confiscated by the player and put into his own 'home'.  This is called 'tembak' or shooting.

Player's Strategy

A good Congkak player need to think, strategize, and requires efficiency. Those with good mental calculations shall have benefits for the gameplay. Over time, people who play or practice more, will developed tactics and skills, and may also have a secret formula to defeat opponents.

The Benefit of Congkak Game

This game improves players' mathematical thinking and teaches patience and observation skills.

Dalam Bahasa Melayu

Permainan ini menggunakan papan yang mengandungi 7 lubang kecil pada setiap pihak yang dipanggil "kampung", dan 2 lubang pada setiap belah hujung kiri dan hujung kanan yang dipanggil "rumah".

Permainan Congkak hanya boleh dimainkan oleh dua orang pada satu-satu masa.  Setiap pemain akan duduk bertentangan satu sama lain, dan di dalam setiap lubang kampung diisi dengan 7 biji guli, kecuali dua lubang besar iaitu rumah tidak diisi dan dibiarkan kosong.

Cara Permainan

Permainan dimulakan dengan kedua-dua pemain memulakan permainan secara serentak.  Setiap pemain akan memilih satu lubang dan mengambil kesemua biji di dalam lubang tersebut dan kemudian menjatuhkan satu demi satu biji ke dalam setiap lubang ke arah kiri, iaitu mengikut pusingan ikutjam, termasuk menjatuhkan biji ke dalam rumah pemain sendiri, tetapi tidak ke dalam rumah pihak lawan.  

Sekiranya biji terakhir jatuh ke dalam lubang yang masih mengandungi biji, pemain akan mengambil kesemua biji di dalam lubang tersebut dan meneruskan permainan seperti tadi, tetapi sekiranya biji terakhir jatuh ke dalam lubang yang kosong, pemain harus menghentikan permainan dan menunggu lawannya habis bermain.

Peraturan Menembak

Sekiranya biji terakhir jatuh ke dalam lubang kosong dan kebetulan pada lubang di pihak lawan mengandungi biji-biji, maka peraturan "menembak" telah berlaku.  Pemain boleh merampas biji-biji di pihak lawan bersama dengan biji yg jatuh di lubang kampungnya tadi dan memasukkan kesemuanya ke dalam rumah.  Walau bagaimanapun, harus diingat bahawa, peraturan ini hanya boleh berlaku selepas pemain itu membuat satu pusingan.



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